What Causes a Visa Application Refusal?

What Causes a Visa Application Refusal?
Legally reviewed by: Sherena Lawrence Updated: In: Immigration

After going through the visa application process, receiving a visa application refusal can be extremely frustrating. When the UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) refuses an application, it can not only lead to lost time and resources, but disrupt any plans the applicant has made. This article takes a closer look at common reasons for visa application refusal and how applicants can avoid these for the best chance of a successful application.

Visit Visas

One of the most common issues that can lead to a visit visa refusal is that the UKVI does not accept that the applicant will return home after the end of their trip. It should be noted that even with a prior good record, applicants should never assume their application will be accepted without submitting evidence to support this.

How to Combat Visit Visa Application Refusal?

  • Submitting evidence which shows previous travel history, highlighting previous compliance with visa restrictions.
  • Submitting evidence which shows the applicant’s ties to their home country, such as their family, employment and any assets.

Partner Applications

The most common cause of partner application refusal comes down to an issue with one of the documents, rather than a failure to prove the relationship. We regularly see visa refusals as a result of issues regarding financial requirement documentation, where applicants are unable to satisfy the complicated document requirements. An expert immigration solicitor is able to ensure all application forms and document checklists fully address these complex requirements, leading to a greater chance of visa success.

How to Combat Visit Partner Application Refusal?

  • Provide sufficient variety of evidence of your relationship. This can include photographs, text messages, shared travel documents and testimonials from individuals supporting your claim.
  • Ensure you meet the financial threshold for all family visas, which is £29,000 starting on April 11th 2024. This will further rise to £34,500 later in 2024 and then to £38,700 by early 2025. You can evidence your funds through payslips, employment contracts, bank statements and tax returns. If the applicant is relying on savings, this requires a larger amount. Finally the applicant must ensure the documentation proofing their financial circumstances is sufficient and valid.
  • Ensure that the applicant has satisfied the English language requirement.
  • Make sure all visa application documents are correctly organised. An expert immigration solicitor can ensure all documents satisfy the UKVI’s requirements.

Student Visa Applications

A student visa application refusal is as a result of the following reasons. Firstly, the application can be refused due to objective grounds. This can be caused by insufficient evidence being provided showing available maintenance funds. Secondly, the application can be refused due on subjective grounds. For example, the UKVI does not accept that the applicant is a genuine student.

How to Combat Student Visa Application Refusal?

  • Objective grounds are easily combatted by providing robust documentation to meet the UKVI’s requirements.
  • However, subjective grounds can be harder to combat. The students need to establish their ability to complete the planned course of study and provide a clear explanation as to why they are choosing this route of study.
  • If you are a short-term student, it is likely that your application will face closer scrutiny. Therefore, an immigration solicitor can ensure your application has the best chance of being accepted by providing thorough evidence in adherence to the guidelines.

Workers and Business Owners

With the introduction of the UK points-based system, business categories can face visa application refusals due subjective “genuineness” testing.

Additionally, workers are facing similar levels of visa refusal. Even in cases where a sponsor has a licence secured from employment, the application can face refusal where UKVI doesn’t accept the role is genuine. In some instances, UKVI can even question the legitimacy of the job, and scrutinising what has been advertised.

Often these visa refusals are made by UKVI workers who are not specialised in commerce, people management, skills or education. Furthermore, many of the affected visa categories have no appeal rights. This results in limited opportunity to challenge refusals potentially tainting future UK visa applications.

How to Combat Workers and Business Owners Visa Application Refusal?

  • Those applying for skilled worker visas must ensure they meet the financial requirements, ensure all documents are included in the application and they are accurate and up-to-date, pass your interview (if invited), be honest about any previous visa applications, make sure you have your certificate of sponsorship before making the application. Furthermore the job must be included on the list of eligible occupations. Applicants can also be refused if they can’t speak, read and write in English.
  • UK Business Visa Refusals can be avoided by meeting the visa requirements, for the business visa at hand. Additionally refusals can be avoided by ensuring applicants pass the English Language requirement of speaking English at the level of B1 on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. The documents should remain correct and complete and presented correctly.

How Cartwright King’s Immigration Solicitors Can Help

At Cartwright King, our immigration solicitors are specialists at handling visa applications and refusals. Therefore, if you are facing a visa application refusal, our solicitors can guide you through the complexities of UK immigration rules, helping you present a robust case to the Home Office.

Furthermore, in the event that your application has been denied, our immigration solicitors can help you file a challenge or advise you on how to fill out a new application.

Get in contact for an initial consultation, and let us guide you through your visa application.

Legal Disclaimer.

All advice is correct at time of publication.